Aesthetic Style
Cast of Characters
Depression Era Art
Double Exposure
Keeping Us in Stitches
Matter of Style
Classical Revival
Gothic Revival
Rococo Revival
Renaissance Revival
Hand Tools
Activities & Resources
Making Connections



Hand Tools 

  1. Rasp 
  2. Compass
  3. Molding planer
  4. Drill
  5. Adze
  6. Mallet
  7. Planer 
  8. Large planer 
Collection of the Illinois State Museum 

Furniture in the nineteenth century was made by hand and also by machine. Furniture makers or carpenters in small Illinois towns used hand tools similar to these. Axes and saws cut down the trees. Hand saws cut the logs into boards. Planers smoothed the boards flat. 

For carving details and designs into the wood, woodworkers used compasses to draw circles and curves, mallets and gouges (not pictured) to make grooves and carve forms, and rasps to round off edges. 

Ernst Gehlmann's cabinetmakers would have used many of these tools when building the secretary. Frank Richards used hand tools to make his fireplace mantel and screen with its carved panels


Behind the Scenes Art Native Americans Forest Prairie Site Index Home
Contact Us

Copyright © 2000 Illinois State Museum Society