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Reference List

Author = W

Walker, D.A., S.K. Short, J.T. Andrews, and P.J. Weber. 1981. Late-Holocene pollen and present day vegetation, Prudhoe Bay and Atigun river, Alaskan North Slope. Arctic and Alpine Research 13:153-172.

Warner, B.G., R.J. Hebda, and R.J. Hann. 1984. Postglacial, paleoecological history of a cedar swamp, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, Canada. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 45:301-345.

Warter, J.K. 1976. Late Pleistocene plant communities-evidence from the Rancho La Brea tar pits. In Ratting,J.(ed) Plant communities of Southern California. Calif. Native plant socsp. pub. 2:32-39

Watts, W.A. 1979. Late Quaternary vegetation of central Appalachia and the New Jersey coastal plain. Ecological Monographs 49:427-469.

Webb, S.L. 1983. The Holocene extension of the range of American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) into Wisconsin: paleoecological evidence for long-distance seed dispersal. Thesis. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Webb, T. III. 1973. A comparison of modern and presettlement pollen from southern Michigan. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 16:137-156.

Webb, T. III. 1974. A vegetational history from northern Wisconsin: evidence from modern and fossil pollen. The American Midland Naturalist 92:12-34.

Webb, T. III., P.J. Bartlein, S.P. Harrison, and K.H. Anderson. 1993. Vegetation, Lake levels , and climate in eastern North America for the past 18,000 years. Pages 415-467 in H.E. Wright, Jr., J.E. Kutzbach, T. Webb, III, W.F. Ruddiman, F.A. Street-Parrott, and P.J. Bartlein, editors, Global Climates since the Last Glacial Maximum, Chapter 17, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

West, G.J. 1982. Pollen analysis of sediments from Tule Lake: a record of Holocene vegetation/climatic changes in the Mendocino National Forest, California. In Proceedings, Symposium of Holocene climate and archeology of Californias coast and desert, Sna Diego, California, Feb 1982. Spec. Publ. Anthropology Department, San Diego State Univ.

West, G.J. 1988. Pollen profile from Cedar Lake, Siskiyou County, California: A >10,000 year record of a Disjunct Population of Chamaecyparis lawsoniana. American Quaternary Association (AMQUA), 10th biennial meeting. 6-8 June 1988, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. p. 161.

Westgate, J.A., P. Fritz, J.V. Matthews, Jr., L. Kalas, L.D. Delorme, R. Green, and R. Aario. 1972. Geochronology and Palaeoecology of Mid-Wisconsin Sediments in Westcentral Alberta. Abstracts, International Geological Congress, 24th Session, Montreal. 380p.

Wetzel, R.G., and B.A. Manny. 1977. Postglacial rates of sedimentation, nutrient and fossil pigment deposition in a hardwater marl lake of Michigan. In 2nd Inter. Sym. Paleolimnology. Mikolajki Poland,Mitt. Int. Ver. Limnol.

White, J.E. 1987. Late Pleistocene and Recent Environments of the Bow Valley, Banff National Park. Report to Parks Canada, Western Regional Office. Calgary, Alberta.

White, J.M. 1983. Late Quaternary Chronology and Palaeoecology of the Upper Peace River District, Canada. Dissertation. Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia. 149 pages.

White, J.M., and G.D. Osborn. 1992. Evidence for a Mazama-like tephra deposited ca. 10 000 BP at Copper Lake, Banff National Park, Alberta. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 29:52-62.

White, J.M., and R.W. Mathewes. 1982. Holocene vegetation and climatic change in the Peace River district, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 19:555-570.

White, J.M., and R.W. Mathewes. 1986. Postglacial vegetation and climatic change in the upper Peace River district, Alberta. Canadian Journal of Botany 64:2305-2318.

White, J.M., R.W. Mathewes, and W.H. Mathews. 1979. Radiocarbon dates from Boone Lake and their relation to the "Ice-Free Corridor" in the Peace river District of Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 16:1870-1874.

White, J.M., R.W. Mathewes, and W.H. Mathews. 1985. Late Pleistocene chronology and environments of the "Ice-Free Corridor" of Northwestern Alberta. Quaternary Research 24:173-186.

Whitehead, D.R., and D.R. Bentley. 1963. A post-glacial pollen diagram from southwestern Vermont. Pollen et Spores 5:116-127.

Whitehead, D.R., and M.V. Doyle. 1969. Late-pleistocene peats from Long Beach, North Carolina. Southeastern Geology 10:1-16.

Whitehead, D.R., S.T. Jackson, M.C. Sheehan, and B.W. Leyden. 1972. Late-glacial vegetation associated with caribou and mastodon in central Indiana. Quaternary Research 17:241-258.

Whittecar, G.R., and A.M. Davis. 1982. Sedimentology and palynology of Middle Wisconsinan deposits in the Pecatonica River valley, Wisconsin and Illinois. Quaternary Research 17:228-241.

Wigand, P.E. 1987. Diamond Pond, Harney County, Oregon: Vegetation history and water table in the eastern Oregon desert. Great Basin Naturalist 47:427-458.

Wigand, P.E., and P.J. Mehringer, Jr. 1985. Pollen and seed analyses. Pages 108-124 in The Archaeology of Hidden cave, Nevada. D.H. Thomas ed., Anthropological Papers 61, part 1, American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Williams, N.E., J.A. Westgate, D.D. Williams, A. Morgan, and A.V. Morgan. 1981. Invertebrate fossils Insecta: Trichoptra, Diptera, Coleoptera from the Pleistocene Scarborough Formation at Toronto, Ontario and their paleoenvironmental significance. Quaternary Research 16:146-167.

Wilson, I.T., and J.R. Potzger. 1943. Pollen records from lakes in Anoka County, Minnesota and a study on methods of sampling. Ecology 24:381-392.

Wilson, L.R. 1938. The postglacial history of vegetation in northwestern Wisconsin. Rhodora 40:137-175.

Wilson, L.R. 1949. A macrofossil analysis of the lower peat and associated sediments at the John Hancock Fishweir site. Pages 84-98 in F. Johnson, editor. The Boylston Street Fishweir II. Papers of the Robert S. Peabody Foundation for Archeology 4(1).

Wilson, L.R., and R.M. Webster. 1943. Microfossil studies of four southwestern Ontario bogs. Iowa Academy of Science Proceedings 50:261-271.

Wilson, M.A. 1984. Postglacial climatic and Vegetation History of the La Ronge Area, Northern Saskatchewan. SRC Pub. No. R-743-2-E-84. Saskatchewan. Research Council, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. 90 pp.

Wilson, M.J. 1984. Modern and Holocene environments of the North Slope of Alaska. Thesis. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA.

Wilson, S.E., I.R. Walker, R.J. Mott, and J.P. Smol. 1993. Climate and limnolgical changes associated with the Younger Dryas in Atlantic Canada. Climate Dynamics 8:177-187.

Winkler, M.G. 1992. Changes at Walden Pond during the last 600 years: microfossil analyses of Walden Pond sediments. Thoreau's World and Ours: a Natural Legacy, E.A. Schofield, Fulcrom Publ., Golden, Colorado.

Wolfe, A.P., and D.L. Bulter. 1994. Late-glacial and early Holocene environments at Pine Hill Pond, Newfoundland, Canada: evidence from pollen and diatoms. Boreas 23:53-65.

Woods, K.D., and M.B. Davis. 1989. Paleoecology of range limits: beech in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Ecology 70:681-696.

Wright, H.E. Jr. 0. Pollen Analysis at Mummy Cave and nearby areas, Northwestern Wyoming. Unpublished, University of Minnesota.

Wright, H.E., Jr., A.M. Bent, B.S. Hansen, and L.J. Maher, Jr. 1973. Present and past vegetation of the Chuska Mountains, northwestern New Mexico. Geological Society of America Bulletin 84:1155-1180.

Wyckoff, D.G. 1977. Secondary forest succession following abandonment of Mesa Verde. Kiva 42:215-231.

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