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Reference List

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Radforth, N.W., and J. Terasmae. 1960. Palynological study relating to the Pleistocene Toronto formation. Canadian Journal of Botany 38:571-580.

Railton, J.B. 1973. Vegetational and climatic history of southwestern Nova Scotia in relation to a South Mountain ice cap. Dissertation. Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Rampton, V. 1971. Late Quaternary vegetational and climatic history of the Snag-Klutlan area, Southwestern Yukon Territory, Canada. Geological Society of America Bulletin 82:959-978.

Ray, C.E., B.N. Cooper, and W.S. Benninghoff. 1967. Fossil mammals and pollen in a late Pleistocene deposit at Saltville, Virginia. Journal Paleontology 41:608-622.

Raymond, R.B. 1984. Record of natural disturbances in the sediments of a protected lake in the Cascade Mountains. American Quaternary Association, Eighth Meeting, Program and Abstracts, 13-15 August, 1984, University of Colorado, Boulder, p107.

Raymond, R.E., R.O. Kapp, and R.A. Janke. 1975. Postglacial and recent sediments of inland lakes of Isle Royale National Park, Michigan. Michigan Academician 7:453-465.

Reasoner, M.A. 1988. The Late Quaternary Lacustrine Record from the Upper Cataract Brook Valley, Yoho National Park, British Columbia. Thesis. Department of Geology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. xiv + 201 pages.

Reasoner, M.A., and R.E. Healy. 1986. Identification and Significance of Tephras Encountered in a Core from Mary Lake, Yoho National Park, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 24:1991-1999.

Reeburgh, W.S., and M.S. Young. 1976. University of Alaska radiocarbon dates I. Radiocarbon 18:1-15.

Rhodes, T.E., and R.B. Davis. 1995. Effects of late Holocene forest disturbance and vegetation change on acidic Mud Pond, Maine, USA. Ecology 76:734-746.

Rich, F.J., and W. Spackman. 1979. Modern and ancient pollen sedimentation around tree islands in the Okefenokee Swamp Palynology 3:210-226.

Richard, P.J.H. 1977. Histoire post-wisconsinienne de la v‚g‚tation du Qu‚bec m‚ridional par l'analyse pollinique. Service de la recherche, Direction g‚n‚rale des forˆts, MinistŠre des Terres et Forˆts du Qu‚bec. Publications et rapports divers. Tome 1, xxiv + 312 p.; tome 2, 142 p.

Richard, P.J.H. 1978. Histoire tardiglaciaire et postglaciaire de la v‚g‚tation au mont Shefford, Qu‚bec. G‚ographie Physique et Quaternaire 32:81-93.

Richard, P.J.H. 1971. Two pollens diagrams from the Qu‚bec city area, Canada. Pollen et Spores 13:523-559.

Richards, R.R. 1938. A pollen profile of Otterwein bog, Warren County, Indiana. Butler University Botanical Studies 4:128-140.

Riegel, W.L. 1965. Palynology of environments of peat formation in southwestern Florida. Dissertation. Penn. State University 189p.

Ritchie, J.C. 1972. Pollen analysis of late-Quaternary sediments from the arctic treeline of the Mackenzie River Delta region, Northwest Territories. Pages 253-271 in Y. Vasari, H. Hyvarinen, and S. Hicks, editors. Climatic changes in Arctic Areas during the last ten-thousand years. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A, Scientiae Rerum Naturalium No. 3, Geologica No. 1. Oulu University, Oulu, Finlan

Ritchie, J.C. 1985. Late-Quaternary climatic and vegetational change in the Lower Mackenzie basin, northwest Canada. Ecology 66:612-621.

Ritchie, J.C. 1984. Past and Present vegetation of the far Northwest of Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 251p.

Ritchie, J.C. 1983. The paleoecology of the central and northern parts of the glacial Lake Agassiz basin. In Glacial Lake Agassiz. Edited by J.T. Teller and L. Clayton. Geol. Assoc. Can. Spec. Pap. 26: 157-170.

Ritchie, J.C. 1982. The modern and late-Quaternary vegetation of the Doll Creek area, North Yukon, Canada. New Phytologist 90:563-603.

Ritchie, J.C. 1985. Quaternary Pollen Records from the Western Interior and the Arctic of Canada. Pages 327-352 in V.M. Bryant, Jr. and R.G. Holloway, editors. Pollen records of late Quaternary North American sediments. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Ritchie, J.C. 1969. Absolute pollen frequencies and carbon-14 age of a section of Holocene lake sediment from the Riding Mountain area of Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Botany 47:1345-1349.

Ritchie, J.C. 1967. Holocene Vegetation of the Northwestern Precincts of the Glacial Lake Agassiz Basin. In Life, Land and Water. Edited by W.J.Mayer-Oakes. University of Manitoba Press, Winnipeg, pp217-229.

Ritchie, J.C. 1966. Aspects of the Late Pleistocene History of the Canadian Flora. In The Evolution of Canada's Flora. Roy L. Taylor and R.A.Ludwig (eds). University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario. p66-88.

Ritchie, J.C. 1964. Contributions to the Holocene paleoecology of west central Canada. I. The Riding Mountain area. Canadian Journal of Botany 42:181-197.

Ritchie, J.C. 1979. Towards a late Quaternary palaeoecology of the Ice-free Corridor. Canadian Journal of Anthropology 1:15-28.

Ritchie, J.C. 1976. The Late-Quaternary Vegetational History of the Western Interior of Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 54:1793-1818.

Ritchie, J.C., and B. DeVries. 1964. Contributions to the Holocene Paleoecology of Westcentral Canada, II. A Late-glacial Deposit from the Missouri Coteau. Canadian Journal of Botany 42:677-692.

Ritchie, J.C., and S. Lichti-Federovich. 1968. Holocene pollen assemblages from the Tiger Hills, Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 5:873-880.

Ritchie, J.C., and S.P. Harrison. 1993. Vegetation, Lake levels and climate in Western Canada during the Holocene. Pages 401-414 in H.E. Wright, Jr., J.E. Kutzbach, T. Webb, III, W.F. Ruddiman, F.A. Street-Parrott, and P.J. Bartlein, editors. Global Climates since the Last Glacial Maximum. Chapter 16, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Ritter, E.W., and B.W. Hatoff. 1977. Late Pleistocene pollen and sediments: an analysis of a central California locality. Texas Journal of Science 29:195-207.

Rogers, K.L. 1984. A paleontological analysis of the Alamosa Formation (south-central Colorado: Pleitocene:Irvington). In New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 35th Field Conference, Rio Grande Rift: Northern New Mexico, 151-155.

Rubin, M., and C. Alexander. 1958. U.S. Geological Survey radiocarbon dates IV. Science 127:1476-1487.

Rubin, M., and C. Alexander. 1960. U.S. Geological Survey radiocarbon dates V. American Journal of Science Radiocarbon Supplement 2:129-185.

Russell, E.W.B. 1980. Vegetational change in northern New Jersey from precolonization to the present: a palynological interpretation. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical club 107:432-446.

Russell, E.W.B., R.B. Davis, R.S. Anderson, T.E. Rhodes, and D.S. Anderson. 1993. Recent centuries of vegetational change in the glaciated north-eastern United States. Journal of Ecology 81:647-664.

Rymer, M.J. 1981. Stratigraphic revision of the Cache Formation (Pliocene and Pleistocene) Lake County California. USGS Bulletin 1502-C, 35p.

Rypins, S., S.L. Reneau, R. Byrne, and D.R. Montgomery. 1989. Palynologic and geomorphic evidence for environmental change during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition at Point Teyes Penninsula, central coastal California. Quaternary Research 32:72-87.

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