Americans used the seeds, fruits, roots, leaves, and the bark from trees
to make medicines for a variety of illnesses.
commonly processed for medicines were swamp rose tea (for worms), mulberries
(as a laxative), beech tree bark (for poison ivy), hackberry (for sore
throat), and slippery elm inner bark (bleeding gums caused by a lack of
white oak bark to make a liquid that they and Euro-American settlers drank
for the treatment of dysentery (infection of the intestine).
tribe used bur oak leaves as an astringent and for the treatment of wounds.
and the Ojibwa peoples used red oak to treat diarrhea and heart and lung
The Potawatomi tribe used butternut hickory sap medicinally for a variety of illnesses.
To read more about medicinal uses of forest plants, see the Illinois Tree Guide entries.
To learn about the diet and health traditions of Illinois Native Americans, see the Health section of the Native American module.