Finding Historical Motifs in Today's Furniture
Purpose:
students will observe and understand continuity with the past in contemporary
design.
Objective:
After viewing AMatter of Style
http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/art/htmls/
ms.html
and discussing style elements, the students will be able to point out and
identify ornamentation and design elements of nineteenth-century furniture styles in
pieces of new furniture pictured in current advertisements in newpapers and maga-
zines.
Materials:
advertisements collected from Sunday papers of various cities and catalogs
scissors, gluestick, pencil
printout of "Today's Furniture Worksheet"
Motivation:
Pose the question:
Do we still use the same designs in furniture that people
used 150 years ago? If so, why? If not, why not?
Discuss the online A Matter of
Style
http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/art/htmls/ms.htm
l with students. Printout
and photocopy the glossary. Tell students they are going to look for furniture shape
and decoration in the advertisements or catalogs that are similar to the furniture
shape and decoration in the Web site and glossary. Students may want to view At
Home in the Heartland Objects (1800-1850)
http://www.museum.state.il.us/exhibits/
athome/1800/objects/index.html
and At Home in the Heartland Objects (1850-1890)
http://www.museum.state.il.us/exhibits/athome/1850/objects/index.html
to see more
examples of the same styles. The glossary can also be used as a visual resource of
design. Look around the room to see if you can find any furniture that has similari-
ties to any of the furniture online. Point out that a table in the room may be similar to
a desk or a chair on the Web site. It does not have to be the same piece of furni-
ture. Pass out the inserts or catalogs and the worksheet.
Procedure:
Students will look through the inserts for examples of furniture with ornamentation,
shapes, or motifs that may match those they saw online. Using their glossary, they
can identify the element that matches or is derived from the antique.
Students carefully cut out three examples of furniture (including the label or descrip-
tion, if any) they found in the advertisement/catalog and paste it in the left box of
each pair of boxes on the worksheet. In each right-hand box students write the
name of the style to which the advertised piece is similar and the name of the motif,
shape, or ornament that was the clue what style it was. At the bottom, students write
one or more reasons why they think old designs are still used.
Publication
and Closure:
Share the results orally with other students. Post the worksheets on a bulletin board.
Do an analysis or count of the most popular antique style still sold today. Are finials
still popular? Which furniture still has molding? Discuss the results.
Assessment:
Students' worksheets should be completed. Reasons in the "How do you know?"
section can be from personal observation, comparison to other objects, recognition
based an online example, or other reliable source. Examples cut from the advertise-
ments should have at least one design element similar to one online or in the glos-
sary. Reasons they give for the continued use of old design may include: they
match old furniture we might have; some people still like this style; old designs are
familiar; old designs look important, big, pretty, expensive, etc.
A Matter of Style: 19th Century Furniture
Historical Motifs in Today's Furniture Design--page 1