Mitchells and Rammelesberg, Cincinnati, Ohio
Rococo Revival Style Etagere, circa 1858-1880
Property transfer to the Illinois State Museum Collection (1984.64.3)
The original Rococo style in France in the 1700s was also called Louis the Fifteenth, after the French king. In the 1820s, renewed interest in the Rococo style gave birth to the style known as Rococo Revival. The nineteenth-century English and American furniture makers considered it a 'deluxe style,' especially suitable for women's rooms because of its curves and graceful decoration.
The manufacturer's name, Mitchells
and Rammelesberg, is stamped on the inside of the drawer. This company
made furniture by machine in Ohio from 1848 to 1880. The factory was steam-powered
and employed 150 workers. Most of the work was done with scroll
saws, lathes, and molding machines. The flowers on this etagere were
hand-cut. The various pieces were put together with dowels
and glue, a method that is not very strong.