Digging tool from the Julien site,
a Flaked-stone implement.
Technology may be classified into one of three categories, (1) implements, (2)
facilities, and (3) infrastructure.
Generally, the distinction between implements and facilities is that implements are objects that can be
transported to help with tasks, whereas facilities are relatively fixed in space. Infrastructure refers to
the organization of a particular suite of implements and facilities to promote and maintain integration of
some societal function - transportation and communication, for example. Clearly, some technologies,
manufacturing processes, and means of accomplishing work are composed of numerous implements and facilities.
Modern automobile manufacturing and transportation infrastructure such as roads, airports, and railroads are
good examples. Chiefdoms like those represented by Cahokia were beginning to develop social infrastructures
with technological components as a means to integrate Mississippian society.
|An example of a facility - the refuse pit.||
Twin Mounds and the Grand Plaza at Cahokia - examples of Mississippian infrastructure.
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