The following references and online resources provide excellent introductions to archaeological approaches to the analysis of human economies.
Binford, L.R. 1980. Bones: Ancient Men and Modern Myths. Academic Press, NY.
Bonnichsen, R. and M. Sorg (editors) 1989. Taphonomy. University of Maine at Orono, Orono, ME.
Grayson, D.K. 1984. Quantitative Zooarchaeology: Topics in the Analysis of Archaeological Faunas. Academic Press, NY.
Klein, R.G. and K. Cruz-Uribe. 1984. The Analysis of Animal Bones from Archaeological Sites. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Lyman, R.L. 1996. Taphonomy. Plenum Press.
Purdue, J.R., W.E. Klippel, and B.W. Styles 1991. Beamers, Bobwhites, and Blue-Points: Tributes to the Career of Paul W. Parmalee. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers, Vol. XXIII. Illinois State Museum, Springfield.
Speth, J.D. 1983. Bison Kills and Bone Counts: Decision Making by Ancient Hunters. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Plant remains provide evidence of food-getting, diet, as well as raw material used for tool manufacture. Detailed examination of seeds is important not just for the identification of the species being utilized, but because slight changes in seed size and shape help determine if the plants were wild, domesticated, or perhaps on the verge of domestication.
Ford, R.I. (editor) 1985. Prehistoric Food Production in North America. Anthropological Papers, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, No. 75, Ann Arbor.
Hastorf, C.A. and V.S. Popper (editors). 1988. Current Paleoethnobotany. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Smith, B.D. 1992. Rivers of Change: Essays on Early Agriculture in Eastern North America. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
The archaeological bases for understanding aspects of the Mississippian socioeconomy of the American Bottom are well summarized in the following studies.
Emerson, T.E. 1997. Cahokia and the Archaeology of Power. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa and London.
Milner, G.R. 1998. The Cahokia Chiefdom: The Archaeology of a Mississippian Society. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
Yerkes, R.W. 1987. Prehistoric Life on the Mississippi Floodplain: Stone Tool Use, Settlement Organization, and Subsistence Practices at the Labras Lake Site, Illinois. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
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